10/20/2014 08:25:55 VEHICLE ACCIDENT-MASS TRANSIT-1A S VINTAGE RD / STRASBURG RD PARADISE TOWNSHIP-Rescue 47 Assist Station 45. Chief 47 responded LCWC Reported A Dump Truck And A School Bus Collision With The School Bus Being A IU13 Bus And Has Children On With Special Needs That Is On Its Side With Multiple People Inside. With That Report Chief 47 Requested The 2nd Due Rescue. Chief 47 Arrived Confirming The Report Establishing Command 45. Engine 45-2 (Captain 45-1) Arrived To Assist With Getting The Last Victims Out Of The Bus. Rescue 47 W/8 (Captain 47-2) Arrived as The Last Patients Were Being Assisted Out Of The Bus With Crew Splitting To Check For Any Hazards And Patient Care. The Rescue Cleared The Scene @ 09:11.
10/19/2014 08:10:56 UTILITY/WIRES MAY POST OFFICE RD / SHAUB RD STRASBURG TOWNSHIP- Fire Police 47. Squad 47-2 Made The Response And Worked The Traffic At May Post Office Road At The Borough Line Until 08:44.
10/17/2014 08:26:50 VEHICLE ACCIDENT-CLASS 2 3185 LINCOLN HWY E PARADISE TOWNSHIP-Engine 47-2, Rescue 47 And Squad 47-1. Chief 47 Responded LCWC Reported Vehicle Into A Pole. Rescue 47 Responded To The Call. The Units @ 09:14
10/15/2014 14:06:40 RESCUE-WATER ROADWAY GREENFIELD RD / RAILROAD TRACKS EAST LAMPETER TOWNSHIP- Boat 47-2 Assist Station 63. Squad 47-1 Towing The Boats (Captain 47-2) W/5, Squad 47-2 (Captain 47-1) Responded And Were Recalled While Enroute @ 14:22.
The Facts About Chimney Fires Loud cracking and popping noise “Chimneys really decorate the roofline of a home… and they’re maintenance–free, besides. Right?” Your chimney–and the flue that lines it–adds architectural interest to your home, but its’ real function is to carry dangerous flue gases from your fireplace, wood stove or furnace safely out of your home. A chimney helps your household air stay breathable…just as your windows and your bathroom, attic and kitchen vents do. Unlike those other exhaust points in your home, however, fireplace and wood stove chimneys need a special kind of care.
As you snuggle in front of a cozy fire or bask in the warmth of your wood stove, you are taking part in a ritual of comfort and enjoyment handed down through the centuries. The last thing you are likely to be thinking about is the condition of your chimney. However, if you don’t give some thought to it before you light those winter fires, your enjoyment may be very short-lived. Why? Dirty chimneys can cause chimney fires, which damage structures, destroy homes and injure or kill people.
No One Welcomes a Chimney Fire
A chimney fire in action can be impressive. Indications of a chimney fire have been described as creating: loud cracking and popping noise : a lot of dense smoke, and an intense, hot smell Chimney fires can burn explosively – noisy and dramatic enough to be detected by neighbors or people passing by. Flames or dense smoke may shoot from the top of the chimney. Homeowners report being startled by a low rumbling sound that reminds them of a freight train or a low flying airplane. However, those are only the chimney fires you know about. Slow-burning chimney fires don’t get enough air or have fuel to be dramatic or visible. But, the temperatures they reach are very high and can cause as much damage to the chimney structure – and nearby combustible parts of the house – as their more spectacular cousins. With proper chimney system care, chimney fires are entirely preventable.
Creosote & Chimney Fires: What You Must Know
Fireplaces and wood stoves are designed to safely contain wood-fuel fires, while providing heat for a home. The chimneys that serve them have the job of expelling the by-products of combustion – the substances produced when wood burns. These include smoke, water vapor, gases, unburned wood particles, hydrocarbon, tar fog and assorted minerals. As these substances exit the fireplace or wood stove, and flow up into the relatively cooler chimney, condensation occurs. The resulting residue that sticks to the inner walls of the chimney is called creosote.
Creosote is black or brown in appearance. It can be crusty and flaky…tar-like, drippy and sticky…or shiny and hardened. Often, all forms will occur in one chimney system. Whatever form it takes, creosote is highly combustible. If it builds up in sufficient quantities – and the internal flue temperature is high enough – the result could be a chimney fire. Certain conditions encourage the buildup of creosote. Restricted air supply, unseasoned wood and, cooler than normal chimney temperatures are all factors that can accelerate the buildup of creosote on chimney flue walls. Air supply may be restricted by closing the glass doors, by failing to open the damper wide enough, and the lack of sufficient make-up air to move heated smoke up the chimney rapidly (the longer the smoke’s “residence time” in the flue, the more likely is it that creosote will form). A wood stove’s air supply can be limited by closing down the stove damper or air inlets too soon or too much. Burning unseasoned wood – because so much energy is used initially just to drive off the water trapped in the cells of the logs– keeps the resulting smoke cooler, than if seasoned wood is used. In the case of wood stoves, overloading the firebox with wood in an attempt to get a longer burn time also contributes to creosote buildup.
How Chimney Fires Hurt Chimneys
When a chimney fire occur in masonry chimney – whether the flue is an older, unlined type or tile lined to meet current safety codes – the high temperatures at which they burn (around 2000°F) can “melt mortar, crack tiles, cause liners to collapse and damage the outer masonry material”. Most often, thermal shock occurs and tiles crack and mortar is displaced, which provides a pathway for flames to reach the combustible wood frame of the house. This event is extremely dangerous, call 911 immediately.
Pre-fabricated, factory-built, metal chimneys
To be installed in most jurisdictions in the United States, factory built, metal chimneys that are designed to vent wood burning stoves or pre-fabricated metal fireplaces must pass special tests. Most tests require the chimney to withstand flue temperatures up to 2100°F – without sustaining damage. Under chimney fire conditions, damage to these systems still may occur. When pre-fabricated, factory-built metal chimneys are damaged by a chimney fire, they should no longer be used and must be replaced.
Special Effects on Wood Stoves
Wood stoves are made to contain hot fires. The connector pipes that run from the stove to the chimney are another matter. They cannot withstand the high temperatures produced during a chimney fire and can warp, buckle and even separate from the vibrations created by air turbulence during a fire. If damaged by a chimney fire, they must be replaced.
Nine Signs that You’ve Had a Chimney Fire
Since a chimney, damaged by a chimney fire, can endanger a home and its’ occupants and a chimney fire can occur without anyone being aware of them it’s important to have your chimney regularly inspected by a CSIA Certifed Chimney Sweep. Here are the signs that a professional chimney sweep looks for:
Clean chimneys don’t catch fire. Make sure a CSIA Certified Chimney Sweep inspects your solid fuel venting system annually, and cleans and repairs it whenever needed. Your sweep may have other maintenance recommendations depending on how you use your fireplace or stove. CSIA recommends that you call on CSIA Certified Chimney Sweeps, since they are regularly tested on their understanding of the complexities of chimney and venting system.
The Dangers of Leaves on the Roads
When leaves accumulate on the roadway and become wet, they can get extremely slippery, making the driving conditions similar to driving on ice. If the temperature drops below freezing, the wet leaves will freeze and turn into dangerous icy leaves on the roadway. Besides reducing the car's traction, causing skidding and the possibility of losing control of the vehicle, leaves often cover the painted road markings, making it difficult to know the locations of the lanes.
10/14/2014 15:59:10 VEHICLE ACCIDENT-UNKNOWN INJURY 3095 LINCOLN HWY E PARADISE TOWNSHIP-Engine 47-2, Rescue 47 & Squad 47-1. Chief 47 Arrived The Scene Along With Amb. 43-1. Rescue 47 (Lt.47-1) W/5 Arrived The Scene Checking The Vehicles For Hazards. The 47 Units Cleared The Scene @ 16:18.
10/10/2014 12:56:09 BUILDING-MOBILE HOME-1A 787 STONEWOOD DR SALISBURY TOWNSHIP-Rescue 47 Assist Station 42. Rescue 47 (Captain 47-1) W/7 Arrived To Assist 42 Personnel With Various Task's Until Being Released @ 13:32.
10/03/2014 11:32:59 BRUSH-1A 3182 LINCOLN HWY E PARADISE TOWNSHIP- Engine 47-2, Rescue 47 & Brush 47. Brush 47 (FF J Beiler) W/2 Responded LCWC Reported Caller Stated Corn Field On Fire Behind Christ Home Is Progressing Toward Some Houses. The Brush 47 Arriving Several Minutes Later Confirming A Working Field Fire. Engine 47-2 (Captain 47-1) W/7 Arrived Taking The Opposite Side Of The Fire From The Brush Requesting To Cover The Rescue With A Tanker. Tanker 43 Arrived And Supplied Brush 47 And Their Crew Assisted With Creating A Fire Line And Assisting with Brush Lines. Thanks For The Great Team effort & Units Cleared The Scene @ 12:37. The Work Doesn't Stop When We Leave The Scene. The Crews Went Back To The Station To Wash The Hose And Equipment And Put It Back On The Apparatus To Get Ready To Serve The Community Again.
10/01/2014 23:59:54 INVESTIGATION-FIRE CHIEF 9 LEACOCK RD PARADISE TOWNSHIP -Chief 47. Chief 47 Cleared The Call @ 00:14.
10/01/2014 09:27:27 AUTO ALARM-HIGH OCCUPANCY 3182 LINCOLN HWY E PARADISE TOWNSHIP- Engine 47-2 And Rescue 47. Engine 47-2 (FF J Beiler) Responded Arrived The Scene And Met The Christ Home Personnel Reporting A They Are Having Issue With Alarm Panel and Cleared The call @ 09:46.
09/30/2014 12:49:49 AUTO ALARM-HIGH OCCUPANCY 3178 LINCOLN HWY E PARADISE TOWNSHIP- Engine 47-2 And Rescue 47. Chief 47 Recalled The Box Before Response.
09/27/2014 19:14:40 STANDBY-AT EVENT FIRE 6 LONDON VALE RD PARADISE TOWNSHIP-Engine 47-2. Engine 47-2 Went To The Paradise Township Community Park To Standby While Fireworks Put Set Off. The Engine Cleared @ 20:07.